From our newsletters:
We have given quite a bit of thought to which grasses are appropriate
for growing in containers. We have not tried all of these, however in
coming up with this list we have considered things such as:
- how fast the root system grows
- how well the plant adapts to being pot bound
- height of the plant (most grasses will be smaller in containers)
- how it looks throughout the gardening season
| Chasmanthium latifolium
When choosing grasses for containers, it helps to keep in mind that
cool season grasses will grow and bloom earlier in the season. With
warm season grasses often the main feature is their blooms and since
they bloom late in the season, one might want to think of them as late-season
containers. Combining warm and cool season grasses in the same container
will provide a longer season of interest. Carex flagellifera doesn't
really bloom, but with its tan-colored foliage, provides great contrast.
Want to keep the containerized plants over the winter?
A plant kept in a container over the winter will loose 1 to 2 zones
of hardiness. That means that a grass hardy to Zone 3, such as Calamagrostis
x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster' should be able to survive the winter above
ground in a pot in Zone 5. If you can't keep it in a warmer location
for the winter, then try packing bags of leaves around and above the
pot. Or you could dig a hole in the ground and place the plant in it
(it is highly recommended that the plant be removed from the pot first).
Be sure to water the plant in so that the soil settles in snugly around
the root mass.
Please note that many grasses will flop if they are fertilized, so
these are not to be treated with too much TLC!
If you are planning on combining different grasses in the same container
they should have the same moisture needs. Please refer to
the individual plant's webpages or to our Grass
Comparison Chart to determine which plants will work
with each other.
The Festucas are, for the most
part, small grasses that work well in containers. However
due to their tendency to soak up all the available water
before other plants can get their share, we recommend that
they be put in their own pot. Also, their nice form and
flowers are best appreciated when they are alone in a container.
Here are some grasses we suggest that you might try in containers:
Suggested Cool Season Grasses:
calamagrostis - large container
- Alopecurus pratensis
'Variegata' - for part shade
gerardii 'New Wave' - large container
acutiflora 'Avalanche' - fairly large pot
x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster' - feather reedgrass -
- Calamagrostis acutiflora
'Overdam' - fairly large pot
- Carex caryophyllea 'The
Beatles' - good for part shade
- Carex caryophyllea 'Beatlemania'
- good for part shade
- Carex davalliana
- Carex dipsacea
- Carex grayi - shade plant
- Carex flagellifera
- being a tan-colored plant, it adds wonderful contrast
- Carex flagellifera 'Kiwi'
- has kiwi-green colored foliage
- Carex muskingumensis 'Little
Midge' - small plant, likes moisture and some shade
- Carex riparia
'Variegata' - good for a bog container
- Carex pendula - nice
shiny pleated foliage
- Chasmanthium latifolium
- happy in a slightly shady spot
- Deschampsia cespitosa
'Goldtau' - compact plant
- Festuca cinerea
'Fruehlingsblau' - blue foliage, see paragraph above
- Festuca glauca Elijah
Blue' - blue foliage, small plant, see paragraph above
- Festuca glauca 'Select'
- blue foliage, small plant, see paragraph above
- Festuca glauca 'Boulder
Blue' - blue foliage, see paragraph above
- Festuca idahoensis
'Siskiyou Blue' - blue foliage, see paragraph above
- Festuca mairei - medium
green foliage, large container, see paragraph above
- Festuca valesiaca 'Nefer'
- see paragraph above
- Helictotrichon sempervirens
- blue foliage, larger than blue fescues
- Juncus effusus 'Spiralis'
- great in a bog container
- Juncus inflexus
'Lovesick Blues' - great in a bog container
- Koeleria vallesiana
'Mountain Breeze' - light on the fertilizer; do not
- Molinia caerulea
'Strahlenquelle' - medium-sized grass
- Molinia caerulea 'Variegata'
- fairly small, variegated
- Sesleria autumnalis
- blooms in the fall
- Sesleria albicans
- in hot dry conditions, provide some shade and extr water
- Sesleria caerulea
- blooms first thing in the spring, foliage is always
- Sesleria heufleriana
- same as above
Suggested Warm Season Grasses:
We would love to receive feedback from those of you who have grown
plants in pots. This will help others to be successful.
From J. Cosentino, Boston, MA, Zone 5/6:
"Calamagrostis 'Overdam' does wonderfully in pots. I have had
2 plants in a 3'x18"x18" trough and they have survived the
winters and thrived. Miscanthus did well in the summer but did not
survive the winter, though I didn't do anything to protect it. I am
going to try the hardier Miscanthus purpurascens this year."